Validity of the memorial symptom assessment scale-short form psychological subscales in advanced cancer patients

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Abstract

Context: The Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale-Short Form (MSAS-SF) is designed to evaluate physical and psychological symptom burden in advanced cancer patients. There are no current data assessing the validity of the MSAS-SF psychological symptom scores when compared with anxiety and depression. Objectives: This observational cross-sectional study was designed to determine the relationship between the MSAS-SF subscales and the presence of anxiety and depression. Methods: Advanced cancer patients attending a U.K. oncology center completed the MSAS-SF and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results: One hundred twenty patients participated in the study. There was an association between the presence of anxiety and depression and the MSAS-SF global distress index. There was no association between the presence of anxiety and depression and the MSAS-SF physical symptom subscale. The MSAS-SF psychological symptom subscale was more closely correlated with anxiety than depression. Conclusion: These results support the validity of the MSAS-SF global distress index and psychological subscales in the assessment of patients with anxiety and depressive disorders. © 2011 U.S. Cancer Pain Relief Committee. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Webber, K., & Davies, A. N. (2011). Validity of the memorial symptom assessment scale-short form psychological subscales in advanced cancer patients. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 42(5), 761–767. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2011.02.007

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