Electrokinetic-enhanced phytoremediation of uranium-contaminated soil using sunflower and Indian mustard

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Electrokinetic-enhanced phytoremediation is an effective technology to decontaminate heavy metal contaminated soil. In this study, we examined the effects of electrokinetic treatments on plant uptake and bioaccumulation of U from soils with various U sources. Redistribution of uranium in soils as affected by planting and electrokinetic treatments was investigated. The soil was spiked with 100 mg kg–1 UO2, UO3, and UO2(NO3)2. After sunflower and Indian mustard grew for 60 days, 1 voltage of direct-current was applied across the soils for 9 days. The results indicated that U uptake in both plants were significantly enhanced by electrokinetic treatments from soil with UO3 and UO2(NO3)2. U was more accumulated in roots than in shoots. Electrokinetic treatments were effective on lowering soil pH near the anode region. Overall, uranium (U) removal efficiency reached 3.4–4.3% from soils with UO3 and uranyl with both plants while that from soil with UO2 was 0.7–0.8%. Electrokinetic remediation treatment significantly enhanced the U removal efficiency (5–6%) from soils with UO3 and uranyl but it was 0.8–1.3% from soil with UO2, indicating significant effects of U species and electrokinetic enhancement on U bioaccumulation. This study implies the potential feasibility of electrokinetic-enhanced phytoremediation of U soils with sunflower and Indian mustard.




Li, J., Zhang, J., Larson, S. L., Ballard, J. H., Guo, K., Arslan, Z., … Han, F. X. (2019). Electrokinetic-enhanced phytoremediation of uranium-contaminated soil using sunflower and Indian mustard. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 21(12), 1197–1204. https://doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2019.1612847

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