There may be a higher-order processing system (or general proprioceptive ability) which receives inputs from various proprioceptive sources across different body areas. In general, Tremblay's (2013) criticisms are overly based on peripheral proprioceptors, and do not represent alternative interpretations or the data generated by studies evaluating those interpretations. © Perceptual & Motor Skills 2014.
Han, J., Waddington, G., Adams, R., & Anson, J. (2014). A proprioceptive ability factor underlying all proprioception tests? Response to tremblay (2013). Perceptual and Motor Skills, 119(1), 301–304. https://doi.org/10.2466/10.23.24.PMS.119c16z2