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Nanohybrids based on polymeric ionic liquid prepared from functionalized MWCNTs by modification of anionically synthesized poly(4-vinylpyridine)

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Abstract

We report the synthesis of a composite material comprised of poly(4-vinylpyridine) (P4VP) grafted on multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and the preparation of a nanohybrid via quaternization of the nitrogen atom per monomeric unit of the polymer chains. 4-Vinylpyridine was polymerized anionically using high vacuum techniques and was reacted with MWCNTs under vacuum to be grafted on the polymer segments. The composite material was soluble in common solvents and the dispersion of the carbon nanotubes was improved after quaternization due to the formation of polymeric ionic liquid (PIL) of the MWCNTs-g-[P4VP-r-poly(4ViEtPy +Br -)] type. The successful synthesis was confirmed with Fourier-transform infrared and Raman spectroscopies, whereas differential scanning calorimetry was adopted to verify the stability of the polymer's glass transition temperature before and after grafting on the MWCNTs. Moreover, thermogravimetric analysis was used for examining the thermal stability and the PIL formation of the composite. Energy dispersive spectroscopy measurements confirm the precipitation of silver bromide when the MWCNTs-g-[P4VP-r-poly(4ViEtPy +Br -)] is reacted with silver nitrite indicating the successful quaternization and formation of the appropriate PIL. High temperature size exclusion chromatography was used for the determination of the molecular characteristics (average molecular weight by number $\overline M -n$, polydispersity I) of the homopolymer obtained from the filtration of the composite material. Finally, field-emission scanning electron microscopy was used to verify the successful grafting of the polymer to the MWCNTs. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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Katsigiannopoulos, D., Grana, E., Avgeropoulos, A., Carrasco, P. M., Garcia, I., Odriozola, I., … Gournis, D. (2012). Nanohybrids based on polymeric ionic liquid prepared from functionalized MWCNTs by modification of anionically synthesized poly(4-vinylpyridine). Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry, 50(6), 1181–1186. https://doi.org/10.1002/pola.25879

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