Management of post-hyperventilation apnea during dental treatment under monitored anesthesia care with propofol

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Abstract

Although hyperventilation syndrome generally carries a good prognosis, it is associated with the risk of developing severe symptoms, such as post-hyperventilation apnea with hypoxemia and loss of consciousness. We experienced a patient who suffered from post hyperventilation apnea. A 17-year-old female who suffered from hyperventilation syndrome for several years developed post-hyperventilation apnea after treatment using the paper bag rebreathing method and sedative administration during a dental procedure. We subsequently successfully provided her with monitored anesthesia care with propofol. Monitored anesthesia care with propofol may be effective for the general management of patients who have severe hyperventilation attacks and post-hyperventilation apnea. This case demonstrates that appropriate emergency treatment should be available for patients with hyperventilation attacks who are at risk of developing post-hyperventilation apnea associated with hypoxemia and loss of consciousness.

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Kobayashi, M., Kurata, S., Sanuki, T., Okayasu, I., & Ayuse, T. (2014). Management of post-hyperventilation apnea during dental treatment under monitored anesthesia care with propofol. BioPsychoSocial Medicine, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13030-014-0026-9

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