O papel da expressão imunoistoquímica do P16INK4a e do P53 na predição da recorrência da nic-ag após tratamento por conização

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Abstract

Objective: Io evaluate the expression of p16INK4a and p53 biomarkers in conization specimens from patients with high grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (HG-CIN), correlating them with the ability to predict the recurrence. Methods: we conducted a retrospective study of patients with HG-CIN in cervical biopsy treated with conization between January 1999 and January 2006 who had a minimum follow-up of 18 months. The expression of the p16 and p53 was assessed by tissue microarrays and correlated with disease recurrence. For analysis, we used the test of proportions (chi-square), considering value p≤0.05, 95% CI and calculations of sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of these immunomarkers in predicting recurrence. Results: the series comprised 83 patients aged between 16 and 86 years (35±11.7), divided into two groups: 30 with HGCIN recurrence (study group) and 53 without recurrence (control group). Mean age, parity, smoking and conization technique were similar in both groups. The p53 expression was present in 43% of the study group and 57% of the control group, and the p16 was present in 43% of the study group and in 57% of the control group (p>0.05). p53 had a positive predictive value (PPV) of 42% and negative predictive value (NPV) of 73%, sensitivity 70%, specificity of 47% and accuracy of 59%. The p16, PPV 42%, NPV 72%, sensitivity 66%, specificity of 49% and accuracy of 56%. Conclusion: immunohistochemistry expression of p53 and p16 showed low sensitivity and low specificity as predictors of HG-CIN recurrence after conization treatment.

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Fonseca, F. V., Tomasich, F. D. S., Jung, J. E., Maestri, C. A., & de Carvalho, N. S. (2016). O papel da expressão imunoistoquímica do P16INK4a e do P53 na predição da recorrência da nic-ag após tratamento por conização. Revista Do Colegio Brasileiro de Cirurgioes, 43(1), 35–41. https://doi.org/10.1590/0100-69912016001008

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