Removal of orange g dye by manganese oxide nanostructures

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Abstract

Two types of manganese oxide were investigated for the removal/degradation of Orange G (OG) dye in aqueous solution. One manganese oxide (pyrolusite) was obtained commercially and the other (birnessite) was prepared according to the polyol method by means of the oxidation of MnII hydroxide by H2O2. Both materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and nitrogen adsorption/desorption at 77 K. The effects of agitation time, pH, and MnO2 dose on the degradation of OG by the birnessite and pyrolusite were evaluated. Approximately 90 and 99% decoloration of OG (10 mg L-1) was obtained after 30 min of stirring with 0.20 g L-1 of birnessite or pyrolusite, respectively. The decoloration and increased intensity of absorbance bands in the UV-visible spectrum were indicative of a degradation process that followed pseudo-first order kinetics. The findings demonstrated the high efficiency of different types of manganese oxides for removal of this organic pollutant from waters.

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Victor, R. P. D., Fontes, L. L. M., Neves, A. A., de Queiroz, M. E. L. R., de Oliveira, A. F., & Miranda, L. D. L. (2019). Removal of orange g dye by manganese oxide nanostructures. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, 30(8), 1769–1778. https://doi.org/10.21577/0103-5053.20190083

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