Underground construction is the basis of urban planning of modern cities. The use of underground space is a modern and progressive approach to urban space organization. The lack of space is one of the main problems for the construction in the city that is the reason why the underground construction is becoming increasingly popular around the world. One of the most important underground facilities it is earth dam. In the operation of this facility, there are many problems associated with the occurrence of cracks. Transverse vertical and horizontal cracking in the ground antifiltration elements of dam in areas of water pressure, it represents a real threat to the integrity of the structures. Cracks appear due to the occurrence of excessive tensile strains acting on the ground, from which are made the antifiltration elements. The deformations are shown as in the construction phase and during the operation of the dam. This article provides estimates of the parameters of the flow through the dam, to ensure their safe operation under the condition of cracking them impervious to the elements.
Bulatov, G., Ibraeva, Y., & Tarasevskii, P. (2016). Calculation Safe Crack Opening on Limit Parameters of Concentrated Flow. In Procedia Engineering (Vol. 165, pp. 1604–1610). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.11.899