Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma of the mitral valve chordae

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Abstract

Papillary fibroelastomas are rare, benign, primary cardiac tumors, usually single and small. The neoplasm consists of a leafy, soft excrescence typically located on the cardiac valves. Although papillary fibroelastomas are usually an asymptomatic incidental finding at autopsy, or during cardiac operation, they are occasionally associated with embolic coronary or cerebral symptoms. A case of a patient is reported with papillary fibroelastoma of the mitral valve chordae, who presented several transitory ischemic attacks characterized by loss of conscience, visual bilateral deficit and right emiparesis. Because of their potential systemic embolization, we believe that these lesions should be always excised.

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Pacini, D., Andrea Farneti, P., Leone, O., & Galli, R. (1998). Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma of the mitral valve chordae. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 13(3), 322–324. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1010-7940(98)00006-2

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