Cardiovascular, pulmonary, and metabolic toxicities complicating tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy in chronic myeloid leukemia: Strategies for monitoring, detecting, and managing

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Abstract

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm, the incidence of which increases with age. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are the mainstay of CML treatment, including imatinib, nilotinib, dasatinib, bosutinib, and ponatinib. Beyond matching patient disease profiles with TKI specificity, differences in the efficacy and toxicity profiles and a patient's comorbid risk factors should be considered when selecting the most appropriate agent. Our objectives are to review the incidence and severity of cardiovascular, metabolic, and pulmonary disorders associated with these TKIs, highlighting differences in adverse event profiles, suggested risk-mitigation strategies, and guidance for TKI selection in different settings. Patients receiving TKI agents for CML should be monitored for signs and symptoms of toxicity throughout therapy. Preemptive assessment, early toxicity recognition, and prompt management of cardiovascular, metabolic, and pulmonary toxicities can minimize treatment-limiting complications and improve outcomes in patients with CML.

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Medeiros, B. C., Possick, J., & Fradley, M. (2018, July 1). Cardiovascular, pulmonary, and metabolic toxicities complicating tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy in chronic myeloid leukemia: Strategies for monitoring, detecting, and managing. Blood Reviews. Churchill Livingstone. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.blre.2018.01.004

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