A case of false mother included with 46 autosomal STR markers

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Background: For solving a maternity case, 19 autosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) were amplified using the AmpFlSTR® SinofilerTM kit and PowerPlex® 16 System. Additional 27 autosomal STR loci were analyzed using two domestic kits AGCU 21+1 and STRtyper-10G. The combined maternity index (CMI) was calculated to be 3.3 × 1013, but the putative mother denied that she had given birth to the child. In order to reach an accurate conclusion, further testing of 20 X-chromosomal short tandem repeats (X-STRs), 40 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci, and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was carried out. Findings: The putative mother and the boy shared at least one allele at all 46 tested autosomal STR loci. But, according to the profile data of 20 X-STR and 40 SNP markers, different genotypes at 13 X-STR loci and five SNP loci excluded maternity. Mitochondrial profiles also clearly excluded the mother as a parent of the son because they have multiple differences. It was finally found that the putative mother is the sister of the biological father. Conclusions: Different kinds of genetic markers needfully supplement the use of autosomal STR loci in case where the putative parent is suspected to be related to the true parent.

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Li, L., Lin, Y., Liu, Y., Zhu, R., Zhao, Z., & Que, T. (2015). A case of false mother included with 46 autosomal STR markers. Investigative Genetics, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13323-015-0026-y

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