Using a heterologous yeast expression assay, we show that inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) suppress caspase-3-mediated cytotoxicity in the order of XIAP>c-IAP2>c-IAP1>survivin. The same ordering of IAP activities was demonstrated in mammalian cells expressing an auto-activating caspase-3. The relative anti-apoptotic activities of each IAP depended on the particular death stimulus. For IAP-expressing cells treated with camptothecin, survival correlated with their intrinsic anti-caspase-3 activity. However, c-IAP1-transfected cells were disproportionately resistant to tumor necrosis factor-α, suggesting that its anti-apoptotic activities extend beyond caspase-3 or -7 inhibition. Yeast-based caspase assays provide rapid, reliable information on specificity and activity of the IAPs and aid in identifying critical targets in mammalian apoptotic pathways. Copyright (C) 2000 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
Wright, M. E., Han, D. K., & Hockenbery, D. M. (2000). Caspase-3 and inhibitor of apoptosis protein(s) interactions in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and mammalian cells. In FEBS Letters (Vol. 481, pp. 13–18). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0014-5793(00)01962-1