Catalytic decomposition of sulfur trioxide on the binary metal oxide catalysts of Fe/Al and Fe/Ti

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Abstract

The iodine-sulfur (IS) cycle has been focused for hydrogen production by water splitting using a very high temperature nuclear reactor (VHTR) which is a high temperature heat source. The nuclear energy was absorbed at the temperature ranges of 750-900 °C by SO3 decomposition reaction to SO2 and O2 in IS cycle. In this work, the activity of Fe/Al and Fe/Ti catalysts prepared by a co-precipitation was studied in an attempt to find some suitable catalysts for the decomposition of sulfur trioxide as the oxygen-generating reaction in the thermo-chemical water splitting process. The SO3 decomposition was performed in the temperature range of 750-950 °C at a space velocity of 72,000 cm3/g cat. h in a fixed bed reactor. The catalytic activity of Fe/Al and Fe/Ti catalysts increased with an increase in Fe loadings, indicating that the Fe component should be active. The mechanism for the SO3 decomposition on metal oxides can be described as follows: the metal sulfate formation (MO + SO3 → MSO4) and the decomposition of metal sulfate (MSO4 → MO2 + SO2 and MO2 → MO + 1/2O2). © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Kim, T. H., Gong, G. T., Lee, B. G., Lee, K. Y., Jeon, H. Y., Shin, C. H., … Jung, K. D. (2006). Catalytic decomposition of sulfur trioxide on the binary metal oxide catalysts of Fe/Al and Fe/Ti. Applied Catalysis A: General, 305(1), 39–45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2006.02.052

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