Magnetic anisotropy in pentagonal bipyramidal complexes of Co(II) (1 and 2), Fe(III) (3 and 4), and Ni(II) (5) with a 2,2′-[2,6-pyridinediylbis(ethylidyne-1-hydrazinyl-2-ylidene)]bis[N,N,N-trimethyl-2-oxoethanaminium] equatorial ligand and isothiocyanato axial ligands has been investigated by magnetic susceptibility measurements, powder X-band electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, Mössbauer spectroscopy, ab initio, and ligand-field density functional theory (LFDFT) calculations. The studied complexes display three distinct types of magnetic anisotropy. Co(II) complexes (1 and 2) show an easy plane anisotropy with large and positive D values and negligible rhombicity. The Ni(II) complex (5) has uniaxial magnetic anisotropy with a negative D value. Fe(III) complexes (3 and 4) have small zero-field splitting (ZFS) parameters. Theoretical modeling is used to rationalize the magnetic anisotropy in these systems and to identify the most important excited states that are responsible for the zero-field splitting. These excitations are a consequence of the electronic structure of the central metal ion in ideal pentagonal bipyramidal coordination.
Darmanović, D., Shcherbakov, I. N., Duboc, C., Spasojević, V., Hanžel, D., AnÄ’elković, K., … Zlatar, M. (2019). Combined Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of the Origin of Magnetic Anisotropy in Pentagonal Bipyramidal Isothiocyanato Co(II), Ni(II), and Fe(III) Complexes with Quaternary-Ammonium-Functionalized 2,6-Diacetylpyridine Bisacylhydrazone. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 123(51), 31142–31155. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b08066