Background:Lymphedema-cholestasis syndrome (LCS; Aagenaes syndrome) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by 1) neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis, often lessening and becoming intermittent with age, and 2) severe chronic lymphedema, mainly lower limb. LCS was originally described in a Norwegian kindred in which a locus, LCS1, was mapped to a 6.6cM region on chromosome 15. Mutations in CCBE1 on chromosome 18 have been reported in some cases of lymphatic dysplasia, but not in LCS.Methods:Consanguineous parents of Mexican ancestry had a child with LCS who did not exhibit extended homozygosity in the LCS1 region. A subsequent pregnancy was electively terminated due to fetal hydrops. We performed whole-genome single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping to identify regions of homozygosity in these siblings, and sequenced promising candidate genes.Results:Both siblings harbored a homozygous mutation in CCBE1, c.398 T > C, predicted to result in the missense change p.L133P. Regions containing known 'cholestasis genes' did not demonstrate homozygosity in the LCS patient.Conclusions:Mutations in CCBE1 may yield a phenotype not only of lymphatic dysplasia, but also of LCS or fetal hydrops; however, the possibility that the sibling with LCS also carries a homozygous mutation in an unidentified gene influencing cholestasis cannot be excluded. © 2013 Shah et al.
Shah, S., Conlin, L. K., Gomez, L., Aagenaes, Ø., Eiklid, K., Knisely, A. S., … Bull, L. N. (2013). CCBE1 Mutation in Two Siblings, One Manifesting Lymphedema-Cholestasis Syndrome, and the Other, Fetal Hydrops. PLoS ONE, 8(9). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075770