This paper briefly illustrates a method to represent national energy systems and the geographical details of CCS infrastructures in the same technical-economic model. In the MARKAL-TIMES modeling framework a model of Morocco, Portugal and Spain with both spatial and temporal details has been implemented. As a function of assumptions on the development to 2050 of mitigation levels, economic growth and CO 2 capture-transport storage characteristics, dozens of scenarios were prepared with the TIMES-COMET model. A few results on optimal levels of CCS contribution to mitigation compared to other energy system options are presented. The results also indicate the least cost lay out of the main capture, transport and storage infrastructures. It is concluded that the availability of CCS after 2020 will reduce the cost of mitigation in the Iberian Peninsula as soon as the EU GHG emissions reduction targets become more stringent than decided so far.
Kanudia, A., Berghout, N., Boavida, D., Van Den Broek, M., Cabal, H., Carneiro, J., … Tosato, G. C. (2013). CCS infrastructure development scenarios for the integrated Iberian Peninsula and Morocco energy system. In Energy Procedia (Vol. 37, pp. 2645–2656). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.149