Pleiotropic microRNA-21 in pulmonary remodeling: Novel insights for molecular mechanism and present advancements

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Abstract

MicroRNA-21 (miR-21), probably one of the most studied miRNAs to date, is found pleiotropic in various biological events. Its emerging role in pulmonary remodeling has attracted extensive attention. This review summarizes the genomic information of its primary transcript and various transcriptional regulations on its promoter. In addition, the role of miR-21 in pulmonary remodeling related signaling such as transforming growth factor β (TGF-β), bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and Notch signaling is discussed. Various validated miR-21 target genes participate in controlling of the overactive cell accumulation, smooth muscle contraction, inflammatory stress (trigger for lung epithelium damage), extracellular matrix deposition and hypoxia-induced disorders. Moreover, we focus on its particular implication in events including inflammatory stress-driven epithelium damage, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), transdifferentiation of fibroblasts into myofibroblasts, hypoxia stimuli and ROS response, as well as some other pulmonary remodeling related events such as overactive fibroblast (myofibroblast) accumulation, extracellular matrix deposition, and angiogenesis. Here, we summarize the strong potential of miR-21 in pulmonary remodeling and provide novel clues for further research in this area.

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Jiang, C., Guo, Y., Yu, H., Lu, S., & Meng, L. (2019, May 20). Pleiotropic microRNA-21 in pulmonary remodeling: Novel insights for molecular mechanism and present advancements. Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology. BioMed Central Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13223-019-0345-2

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