Central NPY-Y5 receptors activation plays a major role in fasting-induced pituitary-thyroid axis suppression in adult rat

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Abstract

Neuropeptide Y (NPY) inhibits TRH neurons in fed state, and hypothalamic NPY higher expression during fasting has been proposed to be involved in fasting-induced suppression of the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis. We investigated the role of central Y5 receptors in the control of thyrotropin (TSH) and thyroid hormone (TH) secretion. Fed and fasting rats received twice daily central injections (3rd ventricle) of Y5 receptor antagonist (CGP71683; 15. nmol/rat) for 72. h. Fasted rats also received a single central injection of CGP71683 (15. nmol/rat) at the end of 72. h of fasting. In fed rats, Y5 receptor blockade reduced total food intake by 32% and body mass by almost 10% (p< 0.01), corroborating the role of this receptor in food intake control. 72. h-fasted rats exhibited a 4-fold increase in serum TSH (p< 0.001), 1. h after a single injection of Y5 antagonist. Also with multiple injections during 72. h of fasting, Y5 blockade resulted in activation of thyroid axis, as demonstrated by a 3-times rise in serum T4 (p< 0.001), accompanied by unchanged TSH and T3. In fed rats, the chronic central administration of CGP71683 resulted in reduced total serum T4 without changes in free T4 and TSH. Serum leptin and PYY were not altered by the NPY central blockade in both fed and fasted rats, suggesting no role of these hormones in the alterations observed. Therefore, the inhibition of central Y5 neurotransmission resulted in activation of thyroid axis during fasting suggesting that NPY-Y5 receptors contribute to fasting-induced TSH and TH suppression. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

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Costa-e-Sousa, R. H., Souza, L. L., Calviño, C., Cabanelas, A., Almeida, N. A. S., Oliveira, K. J., & Pazos-Moura, C. C. (2011). Central NPY-Y5 receptors activation plays a major role in fasting-induced pituitary-thyroid axis suppression in adult rat. Regulatory Peptides, 171(1–3), 43–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.regpep.2011.07.001

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