Using data on known tobacco outlets throughout NZ, GIS was used to map outlets, deprivation and secondary schools. A total of 5008 tobacco outlets were identified, giving a density of one outlet per 617 people or one outlet per 129 smokers. One-half of secondary schools had an outlet within 500. m. Tobacco outlets were more densely located in areas of higher socioeconomic deprivation. One third of all tobacco outlets had a licence to sell alcohol. This study indicates the widespread retail availability of tobacco and the need for a mandatory system of registration for better enforcement of smokefree legislation. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Marsh, L., Doscher, C., & Robertson, L. A. (2013). Characteristics of tobacco retailers in New Zealand. Health and Place, 23, 165–170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2013.07.003