Characterization of staphylococcus aureus from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients in Accra, Ghana

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Abstract

Introduction: The aims of this study were to: a) determine the nasal carriage prevalence of Stahpylococcus aureus among HIV patients, b) to characterize S. aureus strains isolated. Methodology: Characterization of S. aureus isolates was done by antibiotyping, spa typing, and detection of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) genes. Results: S. aureus isolated (10/124; 8%)  belonged to spa types t084 (n = 3), t10828 (n = 2), t311, t304, t774, t645, and t091. The isolates were resistant to penicillin (100%), tetracycline (40%), rifampicin (10%), fucidic acid (10%), norfloxacin (10%), erythromycin (10%), and sulfamethoxazole trimethoprim (10%). Multidrug resistance (MDR) was detected in 30% of the isolates. Conclusion: The finding of MDR S. aureus among HIV-positive patients suggests that surveillance of antimicrobial resistant S. aureus among this patient group could be considered as an infection control measure in the hospital.

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Egyir, B., Oteng, A. A., Owusu, E., Newman, M. J., Addo, K. K., & Larsen, A. R. (2016). Characterization of staphylococcus aureus from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients in Accra, Ghana. Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, 10(5), 453–456. https://doi.org/10.3855/jidc.7428

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