Introduction: The aims of this study were to: a) determine the nasal carriage prevalence of Stahpylococcus aureus among HIV patients, b) to characterize S. aureus strains isolated. Methodology: Characterization of S. aureus isolates was done by antibiotyping, spa typing, and detection of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) genes. Results: S. aureus isolated (10/124; 8%) belonged to spa types t084 (n = 3), t10828 (n = 2), t311, t304, t774, t645, and t091. The isolates were resistant to penicillin (100%), tetracycline (40%), rifampicin (10%), fucidic acid (10%), norfloxacin (10%), erythromycin (10%), and sulfamethoxazole trimethoprim (10%). Multidrug resistance (MDR) was detected in 30% of the isolates. Conclusion: The finding of MDR S. aureus among HIV-positive patients suggests that surveillance of antimicrobial resistant S. aureus among this patient group could be considered as an infection control measure in the hospital.
Egyir, B., Oteng, A. A., Owusu, E., Newman, M. J., Addo, K. K., & Larsen, A. R. (2016). Characterization of staphylococcus aureus from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients in Accra, Ghana. Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, 10(5), 453–456. https://doi.org/10.3855/jidc.7428