Chemical profile and antimicrobial activity of Secondatia floribunda A. DC (Apocynaceae)

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Abstract

Objective To establish the chemical profile, and to evaluate the antibacterial and modulatory activity of the ethanolic extracts of the stalk's inner bark and heartwood of Secondatia floribunda. Methods Quantification of total phenols and flavonoids was determined by the Folin-Ciocalteu method and aluminum chloride, respectively. Phenolic compounds were identified and quantified by HPLC-DAD (High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Diodearray Detector) and the Infrared Spectroscopy was performed using the measure by Attenuated Total Reflectance with Fourier Transform (ATR-FTIR). Antibacterial assays for determination of the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and modification of aminoglycosides were performed by microdilution. Results Infrared spectra showed similar characteristics, having among its main absorption bands hydroxyl group (OH). The antibacterial activity showed clinically significant results for the strains of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. In modulation assay, synergic and antagonistic effect for both extracts was observed. Heartwood extract in combination with antibiotics showed a significant MIC reduction at 19.8% (P < 0.000 1)-79.3% (P < 0.01). Conclusions This study is the first report of chemical and biological information of Secondatia floribunda suggesting that it is clinically relevant source of a new antibacterial therapy, especially due to the presence of significant levels of phenolic compounds.

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Ribeiro, D. A., Damasceno, S. S., Boligon, A. A., de Menezes, I. R. A., Souza, M. M. de A., & da Costa, J. G. M. (2017). Chemical profile and antimicrobial activity of Secondatia floribunda A. DC (Apocynaceae). Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 7(8), 739–749. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apjtb.2017.07.009

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