Article Title and Bibliographic Information: The influence of tobacco on early dental implant failure. Sverzut AT, et al. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2008;66(5):1004-9. Level of Evidence: Level 2: Limited-quality, patient-oriented evidence. Strength of Recommendation Grade: Not applicable. Purpose/Question: The study's specific aim was to identify the risk of early loss of dental implants associated with cigarette smoking. Source of Funding: Government-State of Sao (the a should have the curvy line above it) Paulo Research Support Foundation, Sao (same as above for the a) Paulo, Brazil. Type of Study/Design: Historical cohort study. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Tomar, S. L. (2009). Cigarette Smoking Does not Increase the Risk for Early Failure of Dental Implants. Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice. Mosby Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jebdp.2008.12.017