Circular RNAs, as recently discovered new endogenous non-coding RNAs, are important gene modulators with critical roles in tumor initiation and malignant progression. With the development of RNA sequencing and microarray technologies, numerous of functional circRNAs have been identified in cancerous tissues and cell lines. Mechanistically, circRNAs function as miRNA sponges, miRNA reservoirs or parental gene expression regulators. In this review, we discuss the properties and functions of circRNAs and their clinical implication as promising biomarkers for cancer research. Moreover, some emerging fields, such as exosome-loaded and immune response-associated circRNAs, are also discussed, suggesting novel insights into the carcinogenesis and therapy associated with these molecules.
Xu, Z., Yan, Y., Zeng, S., Dai, S., Chen, X., Wei, J., & Gong, Z. (2018). Circular RNAs: Clinical relevance in cancer. Oncotarget. Impact Journals LLC. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.22846