We investigate the generation of small neutrino masses in a clockwork framework which includes Dirac mass terms as well as Majorana mass terms for the new fermions. We derive analytic formulas for the masses of the new particles and for their Yukawa couplings to the lepton doublets, in the scenario where the clockwork parameters are universal. When the universal Majorana mass vanishes, the zero mode of the clockwork sector forms a Dirac pair with the active neutrino, with a mass which is in agreement with oscillations experiments for a sufficiently large number of clockwork gears. On the other hand, when it does not vanish, neutrino masses are generated via the seesaw mechanism. In this case, and due to the fact that the effective Yukawa couplings of the higher modes can be sizable, neutrino masses can only be suppressed by postulating a large Majorana mass scale. Finally, we discuss the constraints on the mass scale of the clockwork fermions from the non-observation of the rare leptonic decay μ→eγ.
Ibarra, A., Kushwaha, A., & Vempati, S. K. (2018). Clockwork for neutrino masses and lepton flavor violation. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 780, 86–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2018.02.047