In this paper, we propose a new hybrid method based on Correlation-based feature selection method and Artificial Bee Colony algorithm,namely Co-ABC to select a small number of relevant genes for accurate classification of gene expression profile. The Co-ABC consists of three stages which are fully cooperated: The first stage aims to filter noisy and redundant genes in high dimensionality domains by applying Correlation-based feature Selection (CFS) filter method. In the second stage, Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) algorithm is used to select the informative and meaningful genes. In the third stage, we adopt a Support Vector Machine (SVM) algorithm as classifier using the preselected genes form second stage. The overall performance of our proposed Co-ABC algorithm was evaluated using six gene expression profile for binary and multi-class cancer datasets. In addition, in order to proof the efficiency of our proposed Co-ABC algorithm, we compare it with previously known related methods. Two of these methods was re-implemented for the sake of a fair comparison using the same parameters. These two methods are: Co-GA, which is CFS combined with a genetic algorithm GA. The second one named Co-PSO, which is CFS combined with a particle swarm optimization algorithm PSO. The experimental results shows that the proposed Co-ABC algorithm acquire the accurate classification performance using small number of predictive genes. This proofs that Co-ABC is a efficient approach for biomarker gene discovery using cancer gene expression profile.
Alshamlan, H. M. (2018). Co-ABC: Correlation artificial bee colony algorithm for biomarker gene discovery using gene expression profile. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 25(5), 895–903. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2017.12.012