Viral infections contribute to approximately 12% of cancers worldwide, with the vast majority occurring in developing countries and areas. Two DNA viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and human papillomavirus (HPV), are associated with 38% of all virus-associated cancers. The probability of one patient infected with these two distinct types of viruses is increasing. Here, we summarize the co-infection of EBV and HPV in human malignancies and address the possible mechanisms for the co-infection of EBV and HPV during tumorigenesis.
Shi, Y., Peng, S. L., Yang, L. F., Chen, X., Tao, Y. G., & Cao, Y. (2016, January 22). Co‑infection of Epstein‑Barr virus and human papillomavirus in human tumorigenesis. Chinese Journal of Cancer. Landes Bioscience. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40880-016-0079-1