The colour fields created by the static tetraquark and pentaquark systems are computed in quenched SU(3) lattice QCD, with gauge invariant lattice operators, in a 24 3×48 lattice at β=6.2. We generate our quenched configurations with GPUs, and detail the respective benchmarks in different SU(N) groups. While at smaller distances the Coulomb potential is expected to dominate, at larger distances it is expected that fundamental flux tubes, similar to the flux-tube between a quark and an antiquark, emerge and confine the quarks. In order to minimize the potential the fundamental flux tubes should connect at 120° angles. We compute the square of the colour fields utilizing plaquettes, and locate the static sources with generalized Wilson loops and with APE smearing. The tetraquark system is well described by a double-Y-shaped flux-tube, with two Steiner points, but when quarkantiquark pairs are close enough the two junctions collapse and we have an X-shaped flux-tube, with one Steiner point. The pentaquark system is well described by a three-Y-shaped flux-tube where the three flux junctions are Steiner points. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Bicudo, P., Cardoso, N., & Cardoso, M. (2012). Colour flux-tubes in static pentaquark and tetraquark systems. In Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics (Vol. 67, pp. 440–444). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppnp.2012.01.007