BACKGROUND: An adequate consumption of micro and macro nutrients is essential to maintain an adequate health among older people.<br /><br />AIM: To compare the consumption of micro- and macronutrients in older people from three Chilean cities, according to their nutritional status.<br /><br />MATERIAL AND METHODS: Body mass index (BMI) was assessed and a food consumption tendency survey was applied to 976 non-disabled older people, living in the community. Thinness was defined as a BMI < 23 kg/m².<br /><br />RESULTS: Twenty percent of females and 17% of males had a BMI < 23 kg/m². Participants with a higher BMI had a greater intake of micro- and macronutrients. In females, micronutrient intake was adequate among those with higher BMI, although mean intake of calcium and vitamin B-12 were below recommendations. In males, iron, zinc, calcium, magnesium, vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and pantothenic acid intake were below recommendation.<br /><br />CONCLUSIONS: Thin older adults, regardless of sex, had a lower intake of calories and micro- and macronutrients. Additionally, an overall low consumption of zinc, calcium, magnesium and vitamin B12 was detected.
Agüero, S. D., Alejandra Ulloa, A., & Sussanne Reyes, G. (2014). Comparación del consumo de vitaminas y minerales en adultos mayores Chilenos según estado nutricional. Revista Medica de Chile, 142(12), 1594–1602. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872014001200013