Comparative assessment of information and knowledge sharing among academics in selected universities in Nigeria and South Africa

  • Fari S
  • Ocholla D
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Abstract

This study investigated information and knowledge sharing among<br />academics in selected universities in Nigeria and South Africa. The<br />study employed quantitative and qualitative research methods. The<br />combined techniques of purposive and probability random sampling were<br />used to select universities and respondents respectively. The<br />questionnaire was administered to a total of 382 respondents comprising<br />only academic staff in both countries. A response rate of 81.41{%} (311<br />academics) was achieved. The respondents were drawn from Ahmadu Bello<br />University (ABU), Federal University of Technology Minna (FUT) and Umaru<br />Musa Yar'adua University (UMYU) in Nigeria, and the University of<br />KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), Durban University of Technology (DUT) and the<br />University of Zululand (UZ) in South Africa. The sample of universities<br />comprised a mixture of established, comprehensive and technology-based<br />universities. The majority of the surveyed academics from the selected<br />universities in both countries were male, from the Humanities, and with<br />master's degrees as their highest qualifications. The majority of<br />academics also had eleven to twenty years of experience in academia. All<br />of the surveyed academics were familiar with information and knowledge<br />sharing and participated in knowledge sharing in different ways. The<br />majority of the respondents in the sample from both countries used<br />computers, information and data storage devices, mobile phones and<br />internet facilities for information and knowledge sharing but the use of<br />old and new technologies varied across the countries with South African<br />academics using more new technologies for information and knowledge<br />sharing. The study notes that the Nigerian respondents revealed<br />significant challenges to information and knowledge sharing in their<br />universities, such as a lack of electricity; inadequate print and<br />electronic information resources; poor research management and support;<br />poor conference, seminar and workshop attendance and communication; and<br />poor attitudes towards sharing among the academics. Not all the sampled<br />universities from across countries shared the same challenges. The study<br />recommends the provision of adequate ICT resources and improved research<br />management, research support, and awareness.

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Fari, S. A., & Ocholla, D. (2015). Comparative assessment of information and knowledge sharing among academics in selected universities in Nigeria and South Africa. South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science, 81(1). https://doi.org/10.7553/81-1-1544

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