Comparative study between hydrocortisone and mannitol in treatment of postdural puncture headache: A randomized double-blind study

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Abstract

Background Postdural puncture headache (PDPH) is a common complication after lumbar puncture. Anesthesiologists are the most likely to be consulted for the treatment. PDPH may be debilitating for a patient and can interfere with daily activities and quality of life. Methods Fifty patients of both sexes, aged 18–50 years and ASA I and II undergoing elective lower abdominal and pelvic surgery under spinal anesthesia were included in this randomized double-blind study. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups 25 each: hydrocortisone group received intravenous hydrocortisone 100 mg every 8 h for 48 h and mannitol group received intravenous infusion of mannitol 20% 100 ml over 30 min followed by 100 ml every 12hours. Mean (±SD) of headache intensity at 0, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h after beginning of treatment was assessed using visual analogue scale. Results There was no significant difference regarding headache intensity between two groups before beginning of treatment. The VAS was significantly reduced in hydrocortisone group than in mannitol group at 6, 12, 24 h with P-value 0.030, 0.007, 0.004 respectively. At 48 h, both groups had nearly the same VAS of headache intensity, with P-value 0.305. Conclusion Both intravenous hydrocortisone and mannitol intravenous infusion were efficient in reducing postdural puncture headache within 48 h. Hydrocortisone showed earlier and significant relief of headache.

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Kassim, D. Y., & Esmat, I. M. (2016). Comparative study between hydrocortisone and mannitol in treatment of postdural puncture headache: A randomized double-blind study. Egyptian Journal of Anaesthesia, 32(3), 357–363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egja.2016.05.004

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