Comparison between SSF and critical-plane models to predict fatigue lives under multiaxial proportional load histories

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Abstract

Materials can be classified as shear or tensile sensitive, depending on the main fatigue microcrack initiation process under multiaxial loadings. The nature of the initiating microcrack can be evaluated from a stress scale factor (SSF), which usually multiplies the hydrostatic or the normal stress term from the adopted multiaxial fatigue damage parameter. Low SSF values are associated with a shear-sensitive material, while a large SSF indicates that a tensile-based multiaxial fatigue damage model should be used instead. For tension-torsion histories, a recent published approach combines the shear and normal stress amplitudes using a SSF polynomial function that depends on the stress amplitude ratio (SAR) between the shear and the normal components. Alternatively, critical-plane models calculate damage on the plane where damage is maximized, adopting a SSF value that is assumed constant for a given material, sometimes varying with the fatigue life (in cycles), but not with the SAR, the stress amplitude level, or the loading path shape. In this work, in-phase proportional tension-torsion tests in 42CrMo4 steel specimens for several values of the SAR are presented. The SSF approach is then compared with critical-plane models, based on their predicted fatigue lives and the observed values for these tension-torsion histories.

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de Freitas, M., Reis, L., Meggiolaro, M. A., & de Castro, J. T. P. (2016). Comparison between SSF and critical-plane models to predict fatigue lives under multiaxial proportional load histories. Frattura Ed Integrita Strutturale, 10(38), 121–127. https://doi.org/10.3221/IGF-ESIS.38.16

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