Comparison of surgical and interventional therapy of native and recurrent aortic coarctation regarding different age groups during childhood

Citations of this article
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.


Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze immediate results, rate of complications and re-interventions during medium-term outcome in pediatric patients with native or recurrent aortic coarctation. We focused on an age-related therapeutic approach comparing surgical and trans-catheter treatment. Methods: This is a retrospective, single-centre, clinical observational trial including 91 consecutive patients (age: 1 day-18 years) treated for native coarctation in 67 and recurrent aortic coarctation in 24 patients. Surgical treatment was performed in 56, trans-catheter treatment with balloon dilatation in 17, and by stent implantation in 18 patients. According to the age groups, we treated 48 children in group A (<6 months of age), 16 in group B (6 months-6 years), and 27 in group C (>6 years). A total of 41 patients in group A were operated (85%), patients in group B received either surgical or trans-catheter treatment (50% vs 50%), and 16 patients in group C were treated by stent implantation (62%). Results: Immediate results were excellent with a significant release of pressure gradient in all three age groups (64.7% in group A, 69.1% in group B, and 63.3% in group C). Complication rate and re-intervention rate (surgical and interventional) were both comparable between the three age groups (complications: group A 8.3%, group B 6.3%, and group C 3.7%; re-interventions: group A 16.6%, group B 18.8%, and group C 18.5%). Midterm outcome after a median follow-up period of 17.5 months was satisfactory with a re-intervention-free survival after 17.5 months of 83.4%, 81.2%, and 81.5% in group A, group B, and group C, respectively. Conclusions: The current strategy of an age-related therapy for native and recurrent aortic coarctation in our institution is surgery in infants <6 months (group A), either surgery or balloon dilatation in younger patients <6 years (group B), while in older children >6 years of age (group C) the trans-catheter treatment with stent implantation is an excellent alternative to surgery. Balloon dilatations showed limited results with an overall re-intervention rate of 53% and, therefore, should mainly be performed as a rescue procedure or in recurrent aortic coarctation in neonates. © 2010 European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery.




Früh, S., Knirsch, W., Dodge-Khatami, A., Dave, H., Prêtre, R., & Kretschmar, O. (2011). Comparison of surgical and interventional therapy of native and recurrent aortic coarctation regarding different age groups during childhood. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 39(6), 898–904.

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free