Complement factor H and LOC387715/ARMS2/HTRA1 variant's frequencies and phenotypic associations in neovascular age-related macular degeneration, a pilot study

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the frequency of 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of complement factor H (CFH) and LOC387715/ARMS2/HRTA1 and their association with some of the presenting clinical features of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: In this prospective non-comparative case series forty four naïve patients with neovascular AMD were genotyped using sequencing or Sequenom iPLEX technology. Descriptive tests were used for displaying the magnitude of each allele, gender distribution, and age at diagnosis. Fisher exact test was used to evaluate the correlation between visual acuity (VA) and different alleles. Also Kruskal-Wallis test was used for comparison between age at the time of diagnosis and different alleles. Results: The most frequent SNP among studied patients was rs1061147 with 100% frequency rate. The least common was rs2672598 with a frequency of 52.27%. Only the allele rs800292 of CFH locus on 1q32 was associated with VA better than 20/200 (p value = 0.034). The frequency of this allele was 77.27% (34 patients) in this study. There was no significant association between any of alleles, and VA worse than 20/200(p > 0.05). Fifteen patients had bilateral exudative AMD (34.09%). There was no significant difference between alleles in bilateral neovascular AMD and unilateral disease. Also bilateral and unilateral patients were not different in terms of age, gender or VA (p value: 0.330, 0.764 and 0.456 respectively). There was also no significant association between any of SNPs and bilaterality of disease. Conclusion: We designated the frequencies of SNPs of CFH and LOC387715/ARMS2/HRTA1 in neovascular AMD in a sample of Iranian patients. Only the allele rs800292 of CFH locus on chromosome 1q32 was associated with better VA.

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Karkhane, R., Ahmadraji, A., Riazi Esfahani, M., Roohipour, R., Alami Harandi, Z., Lashay, A., … Khoshzaban, A. (2016). Complement factor H and LOC387715/ARMS2/HTRA1 variant’s frequencies and phenotypic associations in neovascular age-related macular degeneration, a pilot study. Journal of Current Ophthalmology, 28(1), 32–36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joco.2016.01.003

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