Complement regulatory protein CD46 protects against choroidal neovascularization in mice

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Abstract

Dysregulation of the complement system is increasingly recognized as a contributing factor in age-related macular degeneration. Although the complement regulator CD46 is expressed ubiquitously in humans, in mouse it was previously thought to be expressed only on spermatozoa. We detected CD46 mRNA and protein in the posterior ocular segment (neuronal retina, retinal pigment epithelium, and choroid) of wild-type (WT) C57BL/6J mice. Cd46<sup>-/-</sup> knockout mice exhibited increased levels of the membrane attack complex and of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the retina and choroid. The Cd46 <sup>-/-</sup> mice were also more susceptible to laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV). In Cd46<sup>-/-</sup> mice, 19% of laser spots were positive for CNV at day 2 after treatment, but no positive spots were detected in WT mice. At day 3, 42% of laser spots were positive in Cd46<sup>-/-</sup> mice, but only 11% in WT mice. A fully developed CNV complex was noted in both Cd46<sup>-/-</sup> and WT mice at day 7; however, lesion size was significantly (P < 0.05) increased in Cd46<sup>-/-</sup> mice. Our findings provide evidence for expression of CD46 in the mouse eye and a role for CD46 in protection against laser-induced CNV. We propose that the Cd46<sup>-/-</sup> mouse has a greater susceptibility to experimental CNV because of insufficient complement inhibition, which leads to increased membrane attack complex deposition and VEGF expression. © 2014 American Society for Investigative Pathology.

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Lyzogubov, V., Wu, X., Jha, P., Tytarenko, R., Triebwasser, M., Kolar, G., … Bora, N. S. (2014). Complement regulatory protein CD46 protects against choroidal neovascularization in mice. American Journal of Pathology, 184(9), 2537–2548. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajpath.2014.06.001

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