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Integrating Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) into a centralized education system such as Turkeys depends on its successful design and application, which is an expensive and complex process. The aim of this study was to identify the issues related to integrating computer technologies into a centralized education system. Data were collected from seventeen school principals, fifteen computer coordinators, and one hundred and fifty one elementary education supervisors. The sources of data included semi-structured interviews and a survey. By using content analysis, the following ICT implementation issues were identified: infrastructure, personnel, curriculum, administration, and supervision. By improving these areas, IT classrooms will be more effective.




Akbaba-Altun, S. (2006). Complexity of integrating computer technologies into education in Turkey. Educational Technology and Society, 9(1), 176–187.

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