To evaluate theory, concepts with that theory must be identified, analyzed and defined. The aim of this concept analysis of cultural competence is to clarify and differentiate the term as it is used in health care and nursing literature and to separate cultural competence from its measurement. Before the question of what is cultural competence can be answered, culture and competence--as separate terms--must be understood. Components of the cultural competence concept are identified along with its antecedents and consequences. Additionally, terms closely related to cultural competence are described and differentiated from the cultural competence concept. To add meaning to the analysis, a cultural competence model case and contrary case are supplied along with outcome measures and empirical referents for cultural competence. Finally, a concluding definition based on extensive review of literature sources such as archeology, anthropology, history, psychology, policy, criminal justice, occupational therapy, medicine, nursing, and education is provided.
Smith, L. S. (1998). Concept analysis: cultural competence. Journal of Cultural Diversity.