The conformation of uniformly 13C-labeled sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG) is studied in both membrane and solution environments using NMR spectroscopy. Analysis in a membrane-like environment is based on the measurement of dipolar interactions between 13C-13C and 1H-13C spin pairs and on the measurement of 13C chemical shift anisotropy offsets, which appear in magnetically oriented phospholipid-based membrane fragments. Potential energy maps for glycosidic torsions, φ, ψ, and θ1, are calculated with a membrane interaction energy and are used in the interpretation of experimental data. The membrane-bound description for SQDG is most consistent with a set of low-energy conformations that extends the headgroup of SQDG away from the membrane surface. Analysis of the conformation of SQDG in CD3OD solution is based on measured 3J(CH) scalar couplings. The description of the solution conformation is modeled as a mixture of low-energy conformers predicted in the absence of a membrane interaction term and involves more extensive motional averaging than the model for SQDG embedded in the lipid matrix.
Howard, K. P., & Prestegard, J. H. (1996). Conformation of sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol bound to a magnetically oriented membrane system. Biophysical Journal, 71(5), 2573–2582. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3495(96)79449-3