Objective To determine the prevalence of consumption of fruits and vegetables and identify the association with low level of physical activity, exposure to sedentary behavior, consumption of soft drinks and overweight/obesity in adolescents. Methods This is a cross‐sectional school‐based study with a representative sample of 3992 students aged 14–19 years from the state of Sergipe, Brazil. The outcome was low consumption of fruits and vegetables (<5servings/day). Independent variables were: level of physical activity, sedentary behavior, consumption of soft drinks, and overweight/obesity. Global Student Health Survey questionnaire and body mass and height measurements were used, as well as chi‐square test and crude and adjusted binary logistic regression. The significance level adopted was 5%. Results The prevalence of inadequate consumption of fruits and vegetables was high – 88.6% (95%CI=87.6–89.5). Higher likelihood of low consumption of fruits and vegetables was verified among boys who were exposed to sedentary behavior (OR=1.63; 95%CI=1.18–2.24), who consumed soft drinks (OR=3.04; 95%CI=2.10–4.40), with insufficiently physical activity (OR=1.98; 95%CI=1.43–2.73) and girls who consumed soft drinks (OR=1.88; 95%CI=1.43–2.47) and those with overweight/obesity (OR=1.63; 95%CI=1.19–2.23). Conclusions There is a need of public policies aimed at encouraging the consumption of healthy foods among adolescents.
Silva, F. M. de A., Smith‐Menezes, A., & Duarte, M. de F. da S. (2016). Consumo de frutas e vegetais associado a outros comportamentos de risco em adolescentes no Nordeste do Brasil. Revista Paulista de Pediatria, 34(3), 309–315. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rpped.2015.09.002