Contact between a deformable, random rough surface and a rigid flat counterpart was investigated experimentally and theoretically. In the experimental setup, two modes of rough surface flattening were performed, namely normal compression and sliding (tangential load) in presence of normal compression. The load-approach relationship and friction coefficient were measured. After unloading the surface, the topography was measured using scanning profilometry. The deformation of roughness zone, i.e. evolution of the real contact area (RCA), and roughness parameters were analysed. A model based on statistical analysis and a finite element solution was applied to predict the load–approach relationship. The numerical and experimental results were compared. The effect of friction coefficient was discussed.
Kucharski, S., & Starzyński, G. (2019). Contact of rough surfaces under normal and tangential loading. Wear, 440–441. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2019.203075