I provide empirical evidence that badly governed firms respond more to aggregate shocks than do well governed firms. I build a simple model where managers are prone to over- invest and where shareholders are more willing to tolerate such a behavior in good times. The model successfully explains the average profitdifferences as well as the cyclical behavior of sales, employment and investment for firms with different governance qualities. The quantitative results suggest that governance conflicts can explain 30% of aggregate volatility.
Kongsager, R., & Reenberg, A. (2012). Contemporary land-use transitions: The global oil palm expansion. The Global Land Project Report, 4, 40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jedc.2005.07.002