Contemporary presentation and evolution of management of neck paragangliomas

Citations of this article
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.


Background: The aim of the present study was to review the contemporary presentation and evolution of management of neck paragangliomas. Methods: Forty-one neck paragangliomas operated on in 36 patients over a 44 year period were included in the current report. The study period was divided into two parts, the first three decades (1964-1989), during which the current management techniques were evolved, and the last two decades (1990-2008). Results: Patients presented with a palpable neck mass (n = 17), cranial nerve (CN) palsy (n = 3) or both (n = 6), or the lesion was an incidental finding (n = 14). The use of cross-section imaging modalities (n = 24) increased from 35% during the first part of the study to 95% during the second part of the study (P < .001). Preoperative embolization (introduced in 1979) was performed in 60% (median size 4.3 cm for embolized vs 3 cm [P = .02], for non-embolized tumors). During the first study period, the frequency of Shamblin group II/III tumors was 95% compared with a frequency of 42% during the second study period (P < .001, odds ratio 25), median blood loss was 600 ml and 150 ml, respectively (P = .001) and the transfusion rate was 44% and 5%, respectively (P = .008). The incidence of temporary and permanent new CN deficits postoperatively was 22.5% and 10%, respectively, and was similar during the two study periods. Three tumors were malignant, based on lymph node involvement (n = 1) or development of late metastases (n = 2). Conclusions: In the modern era, neck paragangliomas can be managed with a low incidence of long-term sequelae. Smaller, asymptomatic, and incidentally detected tumors are currently the most common presentation pattern. © 2009.




Kakkos, S. K., Reddy, D. J., Shepard, A. D., Lin, J. C., Nypaver, T. J., & Weaver, M. R. (2009). Contemporary presentation and evolution of management of neck paragangliomas. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 49(6).

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free