RNA silencing and suppression of silencing are host and virus interactions for defense and counter-defense. Here, we explored the function effect of HC-Pro encoded by Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) on the suppression of RNA silencing. siRNA northern blotting assay indicated that the replication of SCMV was regulated by host RNA silencing machinery. Co-expression assay demonstrated that the HC-Pro encoded by SCMV suppressed the RNA silencing induced by sense RNA and dsRNA. Transitive RNA silencing assay showed that HC-Pro down-regulated the accumulation of 3′ secondary siRNA, but not 5′ secondary and primary siRNA. Meanwhile, the 2b gene of Tomato aspermy cucumovirus (Tav) evidently down-regulated the accumulation of 5′ secondary siRNA. Importantly, we found that HC-Pro and Tav2b down-regulated the accumulation of RDR6 mRNA. Thus, HC-Pro, an RNA silencing suppressor encoded by SCMV, regulates the accumulation of different siRNAs and has more than one target in the RNA silencing pathway. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Zhang, X., Du, P., Lu, L., Xiao, Q., Wang, W., Cao, X., … Li, Y. (2008). Contrasting effects of HC-Pro and 2b viral suppressors from Sugarcane mosaic virus and Tomato aspermy cucumovirus on the accumulation of siRNAs. Virology, 374(2), 351–360. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2007.12.045