The HOGG1 gene catalyzes the excision of modified bases and removal of DNA damage adducts. It may play an important role in the prevention of carcinogenesis. Ser 326 Cys polymorphism localizes in exon 7 of the hOGG1 gene. It takes the form of an amino acid substitution, from serine to cysteine, in codon 326. Several epidemiological association studies have been conducted on this polymorphism and its relationship with the risk of prostate cancer. However, results have been conflicting. To resolve this conflict, we conducted a meta-analysis on the association between this polymorphism and prostate cancer, taking into account race, country, sources of controls, and smoking status. A total of nine studies covering 2779 cases and 3484 controls were included in the current meta-analysis. Although no significant association was found between hOGG1 Ser 326 Cys polymorphism and prostate cancer susceptibility in the pooled analysis, individuals with Ser/Cys+Cys/Cys genotypes were found to have greater risk of prostate cancer if they were also smokers (OR = 2.66, 95% CI = 1.58-4.47) rather than non-smokers (OR = 2.18, 95% CI = 1.13-4.19), compared with those with Ser/Ser genotype. In conclusion, our meta-analysis demonstrates that hOGG1 Ser 326 Cys polymorphism is a risk factor for prostate cancer in smokers. Further studies are needed to confirm this relationship. © 2012 Xu et al.
Xu, B., Tong, N., Chen, S. Q., Yang, Y., Zhang, X. W., Liu, J., … Chen, M. (2012). Contribution of HOGG1 Ser 326Cys polymorphism to the development of prostate cancer in smokers: Meta-analysis of 2779 cases and 3484 controls. PLoS ONE, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030309