The full exploitation of locally available renewable resources together with the reduction of system installation and management costs are key issues of diffused Distributed Generation (DG). In the given context, hybrid systems are already at an advanced stage of development which typically integrate several sub-systems. In such hybrid systems, Renewable Energy Sources generation systems (e.g. photovoltaic panels) are coupled to energy storage devices (electric batteries) and with programmable generators (a diesel generator or, more recently, with a sub-system based on fuel cells) allowing stable operations under a wide range of conditions. In this paper a solution which uses hydrogen and fuel cells as a programmable source is presented and is studied by means of a mixed experimental and numerical: a Hardware-In-Loop test bench designed and realized at the Department lab, able to reproduce the behavior of a hybrid system for domestic applications. The system is controlled by means of a rule-based control strategy acting on the common DC-bus whose optimization has a significant influence both on system design and on its overall system energy performances. Results show that Rule-Based strategy have a great potential towards cost reduction and components lifetime increase, while energy efficiency mainly depends on correct system sizing. © 2013 The Authors.
Bruni, G., Cordiner, S., Galeotti, M., Mulone, V., Nobile, M., & Rocco, V. (2014). Control strategy influence on the efficiency of a hybrid photovoltaic-battery-fuel cell system distributed generation system for domestic applications. In Energy Procedia (Vol. 45, pp. 237–246). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.01.026