Copy number variation of scavenger-receptor cysteine-rich domains within DMBT1 and Crohn's disease

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Abstract

Previous work has shown that the gene DMBT1, which encodes a large secreted epithelial glycoprotein known as salivary agglutinin, gp340, hensin or muclin, is an innate immune defence protein that binds bacteria. A deletion variant of DMBT1 has been previously associated with Crohn's disease, and a DMBT1(-/-) knockout mouse has increased levels of colitis induced by dextran sulphate. DMBT1 has a complex copy number variable structure, with two, independent, rapidly mutating copy number variable regions, called CNV1 and CNV2. Because the copy number variable regions are predicted to affect the number of bacteria-binding domains, different alleles may alter host-microbe interactions in the gut. Our aim was to investigate the role of this complex variation in susceptibility to Crohn's disease by assessing the previously reported association. We analysed the association of both copy number variable regions with presence of Crohn's disease, and its severity, on three case-control cohorts. We also reanalysed array comparative genomic hybridisation data (aCGH) from a large case-control cohort study for both copy number variable regions. We found no association with a linear increase in copy number, nor when the CNV1 is regarded as presence or absence of a deletion allele. Taken together, we show that the DMBT1 CNV does not affect susceptibility to Crohn's disease, at least in Northern Europeans.European Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 27 January 2016; doi:10.1038/ejhg.2015.280.

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Polley, S., Prescott, N., Nimmo, E., Veal, C., Vind, I., Munkholm, P., … Hollox, E. J. (2016). Copy number variation of scavenger-receptor cysteine-rich domains within DMBT1 and Crohn’s disease. European Journal of Human Genetics, 24(9), 1294–1300. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejhg.2015.280

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