Coronary flow reserve of the angiographically normal left anterior descending coronary artery in patients with remote coronary artery disease

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Abstract

Coronary artery disease (CAD) has been suggested to alter coronary flow reserve (CFR; the ratio between hyperemic and baseline coronary flow velocities) not only in territories supplied by stenotic arteries but also in angiographically normal, remote regions. However, few data exist regarding the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery as the normal index artery. The influence of remote CAD on CFR of the angiographically normal LAD was evaluated with transthoracic Doppler ultrasound to measure CFR in the LAD during 90 seconds of venous adenosine infusion (140 μg/kg/min) in 122 subjects who were assigned to 1 group; group 1 comprised 49 controls without angiographically detectable CAD, and group 2 consisted of 73 patients with an angiographically normal LAD and remote CAD. Group 2 was divided into 4 subgroups: 16 patients with previous remote percutaneous coronary intervention (group 2A); 13 patients with significant remote stenosis (group 2B); 23 patients with previous remote myocardial infarction and percutaneous coronary intervention (group 2C); and 21 patients with previous remote myocardial infarction but no percutaneous coronary intervention (group 2D). CFR in the LAD was not significantly different in groups 1 and 2 (3.08 ± 0.61 and 3.03 ± 0.69, respectively, p = NS). Decreased ejection fraction and increased wall motion score index in patients with remote CAD (p <0.00001) and multivessel CAD did not affect CFR in the LAD (group 2A 3.18 ± 0.77; group 2B 3.05 ± 0.65; group 2C 3.07 ± 0.79; group 2D 2.86 ± 0.50, respectively; F = 0.63, p = NS). In conclusion, CFR of an angiographically normal LAD is preserved in patients with remote CAD, even in the presence of previous remote myocardial infarction and wall motion abnormalities. © 2004 Excerpta Medica Inc.

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Pizzuto, F., Voci, P., Mariano, E., Puddu, P. E., Spedicato, P., & Romeo, F. (2004). Coronary flow reserve of the angiographically normal left anterior descending coronary artery in patients with remote coronary artery disease. American Journal of Cardiology, 94(5), 577–582. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2004.05.019

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