Objectives. This study examined the coronary vasoconstrictive action of endogenous neuropeptide Y (NPY) during sympathetic nerve stimulation and its modulation by the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel in vivo. Background. Exogenous NPY was characterized by its potent vasoconstrictive effect. However, endogenous NPY has failed to show any vasoconstrictive activity in vivo. Methods. We studied 70 anesthetized dogs with vagotomy under beta-adrenergic blockade. Ansae subclaviae stimulation and intracoronary administration of the neurotransmitters (NPY and norepinephrine) were done with or without alpha-adrenergic blockade, NPY antagonist BIBP3226 or K(ATP) channel acting agents. We measured coronary vascular resistance (CVR) and the neurotransmitter levels in systemic arteries and the great cardiac vein, and the amount of overflow (venoarterial difference times myocardial blood flow). Results. During nerve stimulation, NPY levels correlated significantly with CVR at the highest r value (r = 0.850, p < 0.0001) obtained for the venous level under alpha-blockade, but norepinephrine showed no correlation. Treatment with BIBP3226 abolished the correlation between NPY level and CVR under alpha-blockade. Without alpha-blockade, norepinephrine levels correlated significantly with CVR; however, NPY showed no correlation. The amount of NPY overflow during the stimulation was nearly 1,000-fold lower than norepinephrine overflow. Exogenous NPY had a 100-fold more potent coronary vasoconstrictive action than that of norepinephrine. The K(ATP) channel antagonist glibenclamide enhanced vasoconstriction of NPY, and the agonist pinacidil suppressed it with a predominant effect in the subepicardial region. Conclusions. During sympathetic nerve stimulation, the vasoconstrictive actions of NPY are masked by norepinephrine under intact alpha-adrenoceptor conditions, manifest during alpha-blockade and modulated by K(ATP) channel activity.
Tanaka, E., Mori, H., Chujo, M., Yamakawa, A., Mohammed, M. U., Shinozaki, Y., … Nakazawa, H. (1997). Coronary vasoconstrictive effects of neuropeptide Y and their modulation by the ATP-sensitive potassium channel in anesthetized dogs. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 29(6), 1380–1389. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0735-1097(97)82759-3