The emergence of CT angiography (CTA) has a groundbreaking impact on the evaluation of renal vessels and is gradually replacing the conventional catheter angiography as the standard imaging procedure. In this review, we aimed to describe the renal CTA technique and imaging findings of several renal arterial (i.e. atherosclerosis, fibromuscular dysplasia, aneurysms of the renal arteries, dissection, vasculitidis, follow-up of patients with renal arterial stent) and venous (i.e. nut-cracker syndrome, pelvic congestion syndrome) pathologies.
Oz, M., Hazirolan, T., Turkbey, B., Karaosmanoglu, A. D., Canyigit, M., & Peynircioglu, B. (2010). CT angiography evaluation of the renal vascular pathologies: A pictorial review. JBR-BTR, 93(5), 252–257. https://doi.org/10.5334/jbr-btr.330