Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the most feared complications of diabetes and is a leading cause of acquired blindness in working adults. The prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes in Taiwan is about 4%, and the annual incidence of T2D (Type 2 Diabetes) in Taiwan is 1.8% following the 1985 WHO criteria. Multiple mechanisms have been shown in T2DR with some signaling pathways, including the polyol pathway, PKC pathway, AGEs pathway, and MAPK pathway. However, the cause of vision loss in diabetic retinopathy is complex and remains incompletely understood. Herein, we try to fully understand the new concepts regarding hyperglycemia-induced biochemical pathways contributing to DR pathophysiology. Our work may be able to provide new strategies for the prevention and treatment of diabetic vascular complications.
Chen, S. Y., Hsu, Y. M., Lin, Y. J., Huang, Y. C., Chen, C. J., Lin, W. D., … Tsai, F. J. (2016, June 1). Current concepts regarding developmental mechanisms in diabetic retinopathy in Taiwan. BioMedicine (Netherlands). China Medical University. https://doi.org/10.7603/s40681-016-0007-3