Malignant disease's ability to metastasize remains one of the major obstacles when treating patients with cancer. The change from loco-regional to systemic disease usually renders the patient beyond surgical treatment, as local treatment with surgery in a systemic disease is usually considered without benefit. However, numerous retrospective studies have demonstrated that resection of metastases limited to the lungs may be associated with prolonged survival. No prospective, randomized studies have been published, and most series compare highly selected patients with historical data for unresected patients. In this article, we discuss the current status on pulmonary metastasectomy. Preoperative assessment and selection of surgical candidates is covered. The different surgical strategies including surgical approach, unilateral versus bilateral exploration, lymph node dissection, and repeat surgery are discussed. Finally, we review some of the common tumors that metastasize to the lungs, the role of metastasectomy in their treatment and the prognostic factors with impact on survival. © 2010 European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery.
Hornbech, K., Ravn, J., & Steinbrüchel, D. A. (2011, June). Current status of pulmonary metastasectomy. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcts.2010.10.001